If the term stem cell seems unfamiliar to you, it is nothing surprising. World is waking up to the stem cell research and the importance of stem cell production in medical science. These are biological cells which can be turned into specialized cells. Stem cells don’t have any fundamental structure. Due to this unlike other cells these don’t act in certain ways. Also, unlike other cells these can produced specialized cells, including heart tissue, blood cells and nerve tissues.
Alexander Potoczak is a researcher who has spent a lot of time exploring stem cells and its’ various properties. He has gathered ample information about stem cells and its’ use in the modern science. Alex has observed that in mammals two different types of stem cells can be found – embryonic cells and adult stem cell. Embryonic stem cells are separated from the other inner cells. On the other hand adult stem cells can be found in other tissues as well.
When it comes to adult organisms, stem cells act as a repairing system for the body tissues. It can be used to repair the damaged and torn tissues. If it is used properly in a developing embryo the stem cell can differentiate itself into specialized cells. However, it still maintains the actual regenerative organs like blood, skin or other tissues.
Alexander Potoczak says stem cells regardless of its source in the body come with three major properties. Self-renewal is one of them. It has the capability go through various processes of cell division. However, it does not lose its fundamental property while doing so. It still remains unspecialized. Two different organisms ensure that the stem cell multiplication is maintained. Stem cells usually divide into a main cell which is known as the mother cell. This cell is similar to the actual stem cell. Another division of the stem cell is known as the daughter cell. This one is different from the actual one. In case a stem cell gets divided into two different cells, meaning two daughter cells, another stem cell produces two different original cells.
It is not difficult to identify the stem cells. Alexander Potoczak says that usually, they are identified by the fact whether they can produce tissues. There are numerous ways the stem cells can be used in studies and clinics. Exploring different properties of stem cell promises to produce information about many complex human development. The main objective of this study is to find out how unspecialized cell can turn into specialized cells. Also, how such cells can produce tissues of various kind. Most of the complex medical situations including cancer arises due to the abnormal cell divisions.
An in-depth study is sure to produce more information about such serious disease and help the scientists understand how the cell division causes them. Controlling cell multiplication requires more study of molecular signals that ensure cell division. Stem cells that are found in human body are being tested for different purposes. Alex says the most important use of the stem cells is the production of the cells which can help in cell therapy.